Viticulture: Common Injuries in the Industry

The winemaking industry is a very hands-on workplace. Because of this, cellar hands and wine making staffs incur many injuries. They are also exposed to health risks that are related to their line of work. Like your typical agricultural laborers, viticulture workers are prone to farm-related injuries and medical conditions. In addition, their working environment presents hazards that accompany their job. These include insect bites, thermal stress, exposure to UV rays and harsh weather conditions. Moreover, there’s a good chance that these laborers acquire musculoskeletal disorders, asthma and ailments due to pesticides.

Viticulture: Common Injuries in the Industry

There are some wineries that manually prune their vineyards by hand. Unfortunately, hand pruning has adverse effects, which usually cause pain and injury. One of which is plantar fasciitis. This medical condition results to heel pain due to swollen plantar fascia, the ligament that connects our toes and heel bones. Luckily, this can be treated via low level laser therapy.

  • Musculoskeletal Disorders

Viticulture workers are vulnerable from being struck down with musculoskeletal disorders, mainly because of the nature of their tasks. These include straining of the back and neck, tendinopathy and neuropathy. In a study, French vineyard workers were found to develop 20 percent of the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. There is said to be a relationship between suffering from the injury with the intensity of their pruning activity. Workers also experienced pain in their hands and wrists, and had nocturnal hand paresthesia.

Pruning injuries also involve muscle and tendon fatigue. These types of injuries are normally caused by monotonous movements, bad posture and forceful hand activities.

  • Mesothelioma

Although not considered as an injury, winemakers and workers are susceptible to mesothelioma and other conditions stemming from exposure to asbestos. According to Asbestos Justice, there are reported cases of mesothelioma among Italian winemakers. Mesothelioma is a cancer in the mesothelial tissue that is normally associated with exposure to asbestos.

Personal Protection While Working

It is advised that workers pack their body with good food, especially during breakfast. This will give them enough energy to perform their chores in the vineyard. Moreover, they should also wear appropriate clothing and protection from the sun. It is also highly suggested that they do stretches, primarily on their backs, forearms and shoulders in between breaks. Lastly, they should rehydrate their body by drinking enough fluids.


Occupation Health & Safety in the Viticulture Industry

The Viticulture industry has its own share of problems with regards to the occupational health and safety of their workers. Wine is common staple in a huge number of restaurants and households making them a drink of choice by many. The supply of wine is made possible through the shared efforts of the viticulture workers. The job however, is taxing and demanding making them prone to injuries. Let us look at some of the OHS issues in the wine making business. Injuries to cellar hands & viticulture workers & the therapeutic solutions to their problems.

Occupational health risks of wine industry workers is a persistent problem that has plagued a considerable number of employees. Wine industry workers have a number of specific health risks associated with their occupation. Viticulture workers are at risk in developing work-related musculoskeletal problems. Hand pruning remains the single largest expense in vineyard operations, though mechanization has had a significant impact.

Pruning injuries are usually caused or aggravated by work or activities that involve repetitive movement, sustained or constrained postures, or forceful movements. This in turn makes it problematic to complete their task in a timely and effective manner. Muscles and tendons are able to withstand fatigue and recover better if they are given a variety of tasks and regular rest breaks.

It is good to hear that they government are taking the necessary course of action in an effort to protect labor groups, viticulture workers included. The new Health and Safety at Work ACT has a key emphasis on everyone in the workplace being responsible for health and safety; everyone is equal; everyone has some responsibilities. This seems to be in response with the growing number of lawsuits in France have begun to expose the serious risk faced by those working on non-organic vineyards. Numerous studies have suggested links between pesticide use and a range of health impacts, including cancers, Parkinson’s disease and other chronic conditions which is a cause for concern.

Vineyards investing to an insurance for wineries goes a long way in protecting not only their employees but also with their clients. For instance, the general liability insurance helps protect companies and business owners from unexpected events, hazards, problems and accidents. It’s particularly important if your winery offers public tours and tasting events.

Viticulture does indeed involve a lot of tasks that needs to be performed. Without them, companies will not be able to produce high quality wine for their customers. This is the reason why it is important to consider the needs and demands for viticulture workers. One way of offering them relief is by offering them a trip to an osteopath. Osteopathy is a form of drug-free non-invasive manual medicine that focuses on total body health by treating and strengthening the musculoskeletal framework, which includes the joints, muscles and spine. This description fits right into the alley for viticulture workers which experience a lot of joints and muscle pains.

These clinics come in great numbers making them fairly easy to find. There are Balmain Osteopaths that have setup their services over the internet. This in turn allows their patients to setup an appointment at any given time when the need calls for them to do so at the comfort of their very home. Reserve a schedule today!


Selling Wine Online: Cellars & Networks

An analysis of secondary market sales channels for selling wine online in Australia for private individuals or business charged with the disposal of assets. Finding where to sell your wine can be a tricky proposition. There are a number of options (online and otherwise) and each have their positives and negatives. When it comes time for you to sell your wine online , you want to ensure you get the best price in the right time frame. If you have rare and valuable wines to sell then you need to ensure you entrust it to the right place, one that will give you a true but realistic valuation (nobody likes their time wasted) and who will have a ready congregation of eager wine enthusiasts and wine lovers willing to make an offer on it.

How do I sell my wine online?

Choose from various private, retail and auction options below for one that best suits you and your wine. Send a list of your wine to be valued. You will then normally be sent an offer and a list of reserves. Most places will suggest reserves within 10% of each other, anything too high or low should be queried. If you choose to accept, they will either arrange to pick up your wine or you can drop it off to them. Once it is sold you will get paid, minus any commission that was agreed on. 

Where can I sell my wine?

There are a number of channels open to you for selling wines online. It is important to understand how the buyers perceive these sales channels as well.

Private. The best option if you want to see your prized collection go a good home and you have the time to offer after sales support (so to speak). Beware of how you announce your intentions as most social media sites have very strict rules about selling or promoting alcohol on them, and you may also attract the attention of the authorities and the tax man.

Retail. Some corner bottle shops may take your wine on consignment and sell it in their shop. Just keep in mind that their specialty and market is to sell current release wine and your bottle may languish on the shelf for some time before it sells and can cost you as much as 40% commission. Also enquire where they will display your wine, you don’t want it sitting on a warm shelf for months on end.

EBay and other self-service auctions. Because you are selling direct to the consumer you require a liquor licence or you will find your listing removed and/or it will be reported to the authorities.

Wine storage facilities. Some wine storage facilities offer to sell your wine while you store it with them. The prices that are suggested are usually significantly higher than secondary market prices which can make it hard to find a buyer in the short term and often leaves your wine sitting in a managed facility for far longer than you may be comfortable with while you continue to pay storage, insurance and handling fees.

Wine Auctions are your best option if you have good quality wine of any quantity to sell. In Australia, there are only a few traditional, wine-only, auction houses, such as Wickman’s, whose only business is to sell wine through auction. General auctioneers may not completely understand the worth of your wine and typically draw only from a pool of buyers who are looking for inexpensive, current release wines.

How is wine valued on the secondary market?

The true market price is determined by the buyer and not the seller, unless the item in question is rare and desired by multiple buyers. Because retailers specialise in recent release wines rather than aged and uncommon wines, the retail prices for secondary market wines are highly exaggerated and rarely based on any realistic volume of recent sales.

What is the value of my wine?

Most wines typically fall in value by as much as 40% as soon as you pay for it. The amount it falls depends on the marketing hype surrounding the wine, how good the wine actually is and how well that quality is known amongst the wine drinking community. A winery can only guess what the wine is worth when it is first released and it is usually a marketing decision that sets the final price you pay in the bottle shop or cellar door. Then over time, as the wine circulates and is opened, the wines reputation is solidified through wine shows, tasting panels, wine reviewers and, more and more importantly, through social media chatter. The subsequent price being demanded for the wine then becomes a matter to settle on the open market via traditional auctions. Good vintages, in the least tend to hold their initial release price even as the current release price rises with annual inflation. Very good vintages tend to bubble up to the current release price as it changes over time and exceptional vintages sometimes tend to exceed even the current release price.

Do I need a liquor licence to sell wine?

Only if you intend to sell the wine through eBay or another type of online self service facility, otherwise you can sell it through an auction house or retailer who will act on your behalf as your agent.

Are reverse auctions good for selling wine?

Reverse auctions favour the buyer rather than the seller and have traditionally been used to move distressed or excess stock at the cheapest possible price with sellers, not buyers, competing against each other.

What wines are worth more than cellar door price?

There are only a handful of Australian wines that you can buy at the cellar door that rise in price immediately or very soon after release, worth more on the auction market. However, because these wines are generally strictly controlled on release, it is impossible to actively collect them in any sufficient quantity that could classify the purchase as an investment:

What is provenance and how does it affect the price I get at auction?

Many buyers are wary of buying secondary market wine as they don’t know where it has been. Since adverse storage conditions can affect the quality of the wine, buyers like to know the history of where is has been purchased and stored. The greater the level of buyer comfort about how well you have looked after your wine, then the higher a buyer will value your wine against wines of unknown origin. Wickman’s offer a guaranteed provenance system for qualifying sellers.

When should I sell my wine?

Whilst there has not been any conclusive evidence put forward that good quality wine sells better online at any particular time of year, logic suggests that selling prior to Christmas and other festivals or occasions may yield slightly better volume returns. Also, significant birthday vintages may cause prices to temporarily rocket up in price.

Trade vendors – How to sell wines online through auctions

Many wineries have a stigma about their older vintages appearing for sale on the auction market. Actually it is an excellent way to promote a brand and maintain a reputation over the years. When a wine is out of circulation for many years and it is not talked about through the wine drinking community then its value falls at auction which in turn can reflect on current release price. The larger companies understand this as a viable marketing strategy for their brand and ensure that past vintages are always available (in minute quantities) for circulation through the wine community via auctions.

The World’s Most Expensive Wines

Wine is already a favorite drink of the early civilization, dating back as early as 4100 B.C. Due to meager ingredients and controlled growing conditions of grapes, wine is among the most arduous drinks to produce. Over the years, the highly talked up vintage wines have, in fact, been auctioned and bought at sky-high prices. But what makes this draught that expensive?

The Daily Mail reported that the selling price of a wine depends on the supply and the need for it, the economic situation of the wine-producing region, age and maturation, and whether if it’s a vintage classic or not. Some of the most sought wines by the elites are the kinds of wines you drink with high class escorts. Here is a list of some of the world’s most expensive wines:

1. Château D’Yquem

According to the Thrillist, Château D’Yquem is “the most expensive bottle of white wine ever sold.” The winery is actually one of the favourites of Thomas Jefferson (yes, that Jefferson). The Château has also the reputation of the only sweet wine to have been given the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. No wonder that a bottle of D’Yquem was sold at a whopping $117,000 in 2011.

2. Château Lafite Rothschild

The Rothschilds are one of the richest families in the world, mainly because of their bank ventures. Chateau Lafite Rothschild, a bottle owned by the family, was sold at a staggering $156, 000 in 1985.

3. Château Margaux

This is the only wine that made our list that wasn’t exactly sold. Château Margaux is among the wine collection of Thomas Jefferson and was presumed to have a value to the tune of $500,000. However, a waiter accidentally knocked over a bottle in 1989. The merchant, a New Yorker named William Sokolin, received $225,000 from the insurance.

4. Jeroboam of Château Mouton-Rothschild

Produced during World War II, this bottle of wine was sold at $310,000 in 2007. That being said, a glass of Jeroboam of Château Mouton-Rothschild only costs $8,631 since the wine is not in a standard 750-mL wine bottle. Nevertheless, big bottle or not, a sip from this wine does not come cheap!

5. Screaming Eagle Cabernet

This 1992 wine classic is the most expensive wine in our list. This six-liter bottle was auctioned at $500,000. You can basically buy 25,000 boxes of the cheap stuff with that kind of money. A good thing about this Cabernet is that the proceeds from the auction went to charity.


Farms & Vineyards: Idyllic Property Investment

People look into a lot of items they consider to be a worthwhile investment. This includes valuable items, antiques and other related rares that grows in price as they get older. One of the more popular investment endeavors a huge of individuals is engaged in is with the purchase of property. Property investment is considered to be relatively popular by a huge margin due to the fact that it gives owners fulfilling returns. They can develop the property or have them rented instead giving them plenty of options to choose from. Let us look at farms & vineyards and why they are known as idyllic property investments in the present.

It should be noted that type of commodity that is being grown as well as its current price in order plays a huge contributing role in generating your dividend return. Property cost can also vary depending on the location. Properties that are closer to the city rise in value more and clients can expect them to be much higher compared to the ones that are situated in remote areas.  The same can also be said with regards to property investment around Adelaide. When buying a potential property to be used for farms and vineyards, buyers are given the option to buy irrigated or non-irrigated ground. Non-irrigated ground is considered to be the least expensive option with that being said your crop will be worth less each year since it doesn’t get any water but rain. On the other hand, buying property that is on irrigated ground may cost a bit more but this is outweighed with the benefits it provides since buyers are basically guaranteed to raise a fine crop each year.

Buying property does not instantly generate income or produce instant success. There are a number of environmental factors one should consider making returns not always a guarantee. One of these factors include the likes of pests which can destroy crops, the weather that can drastically affect quality and quantity of your products as well as the law of supply and demand not being in your favor. Property owners should take these factors into consideration and accept the reality that sometimes things just don’t go well according to plan. Owners however, are not left on their own as readily available help can be found today.

Those who are planning on starting farm and vineyards as property investments can benefit greatly in hiring the expertise making it possible for them to possible to generate good income from vineyards by selling grapes or even making wine. Aside from acquiring their services, property owners can get firsthand experience and learn from the experts how this particular type of industry works. Wineries buy grapes on contracts and these experts can help sharing their insights along the way. Since there is an open market every year for grapes, property owners are given a good amount of opportunity to develop their crops.

Another thing to note is that it usually takes at least three years, from the initial planting, to produce the first crop for a vineyard to be properly integrated to your farm. You should be in full production by the fourth year and this is where you can start selling your crops. The relationships you develop to buyers also play a very huge role with your success. Look for potential lands for a farm & vineyard business today.

Organic and Biodynamic Pest Control in Wineries

In ensuring a bountiful harvest, wine farmers make certain that their vineyards are not teeming with weeds or swarmed with bugs and other pests. Nowadays, crop farmers are depending on commercially produced herbicides, pesticides or fertilisers. Meanwhile, organic farmers avoid chemical mixtures but instead use compost or mulch, and employ biodynamic farming.

The application of organic and biodynamic farming in vineyards will allow the grapes to exude more varietal character and have a deeper tang and flavour. Steering clear your winery from pesticides will also yield quality harvest. Moreover, studies show that over reliance to insect repellents or bug killers that are chemical in nature can be harmful to your vineyard.

Fighting the Pests

Problems involving wasp control or managing other pests are among the reasons why some farmers opt for chemical pesticides. That being said, there are a lot of ways on how crop growers can a wage a war against these harmful insects without the use of chemical substances. For instance, farmers can use beneficial insects in combating other insects. This can be done by encouraging a sustainable number of diverse insects, such as lacewings, predatory wasps, and thrips, to grow on vineyards or insectaries. To further intensify the efficiency of this method, crop growers utilise cover crops. Here, insect-friendly and flower-rich crops are being planted on sections of the vineyard. Instead of using pesticides and herbicides, the beneficial insects thriving in the cover crops will act as your natural bug killers or insect repellents.

One of the most common threat in growing crops, such as grapes, are leafhoppers. These pests draw off the liquid from the vines, thereby draining the vine’s strength. In controlling these leafhoppers, farmers introduce lacewings. If the occurrence of leafhoppers on crops can’t be managed, crop growers spray the grapevines with organic oils.

In getting rid of spider mites and aphids, it is recommended to concoct your own organic pesticide. To do this, just mix a teaspoon of liquid dishwashing soap with a cup of vegetable oil. Stir the mixture until it became an emulsion. Then, add a quart of water. Your homemade pesticide should be sprayed every 10 days to your crops.

The methods discussed here are just among the numerous alternatives that winegrowers can employ in pest management. We are optimistic that these approaches will ensure a productive and profitable organic winery.

Horses and Wine: A Lifestyle Sublime

The good life is full of prancing horses and tranquil wines. The thundering hooves of a stallion in flight and the pools of reflection in my cups of night. I stand in top and hat and tails, a bevy of maidens on my arm, and the winning thoroughbred saluting the finishing post. Horse and wine: A lifestyle sublime for the select few. Not everybody can have this combination of thrilling and luxurious moments in their lives. It would not be so special if just anybody could have it. I have mounted the mare called success. I have nobbled the race of life. I have arrived in the member’s stand.

Horses and Wine: A Lifestyle Sublime

They call it the ‘sport of kings’, horseracing that is. We share the enclosure with princes, politicians and captains of industry; and we are all partial to a drop of fine wine. We want that intoxication that comes with wealth, pleasure and showing off. The alcohol is merely an added extra, we are high on our fortunate place in the scheme of things. We need poor people in the outer, because without the coarse contrast it would not be nearly so much fun. We select few surround ourselves with beauty in both horse and female friends; not really friends, but gorgeous vaginal acquaintances.

Gambling is another cheap thrill for the rich, because unlike those in the cheap seats we can afford to lose on occasion. Whisper, in the shell-like of an old soldier and smile with a wink and a nod. Backing our own piece of horseflesh to win is another sinful pleasure. Holding that cup aloft, with the scruffy trainer and invariably smelly little men who ride our horses beside us, is a bit of a hoot, what. We stand before our peers of the realm and shine in the sunshine of a glorious day.

Later that night we sip our favourite tipple, a Haut-Brion, or something more run of the mill like Grange, and we contemplate our lives. The fact that we are so very special and that the world around is so lucky to have our presence. Horses and wine: A lifestyle sublime, sounds like Keats’ Ode to a Grecian Urn. I have several Grecian urns by the way. I collect fine things. It is lovely to surround oneself with the best that life has to offer. Pretty things of that order. I find that they reflect a little of my aura to those around me. “Beauty is truth, truth is beauty – that is all Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know.”

Asian Thirst for Wine Growing Fast

More and more Asian countries, such as China and Japan, are increasing their wine imports from nations like France, Australia and Spain. In fact, a report from the University of Adelaide shows that as the global wine market continues to surge, Asian countries will become the world’s top wine consumers with China leading the wine craze. Economists expect that China’s thirst for wine will swell to 60 percent by 2018. Even if China ranked fifth in terms of global production of grape wine, wine imports are seen to increase as much as 790 million litres by 2018. According to the ACM Asian Wine Group, China’s importation on wine had increased by 1.86 percent in 2014.

The Asian Obsession to Grape Wine

Over the past years, the wine culture in Asia has flourished. Aside from top wine-consuming countries like Japan and China, their Asian neighbours are also quenching their thirst for wine. A predominantly beer-nation, the Philippines’ wine imports will grow by 8 percent in the next few years. Wine trade in Indonesia and Vietnam is also projected to increase. It is reported that Indonesia will consume 2.1 million cases of wine by 2017; while Vietnam’s annual expenses on wine may reach the billion-dollar mark by 2019.

In China, after the strict campaign to reduce the demand for luxurious items including wine, the wealthy Chinese class is now in the mood to get their hands on fine Australian wine. Australia’s wine exports to China increased by 32.1 percent, while it is 28.4 percent In Hong Kong.

Red wine has become popular in China mainly because of the wine’s colour. In the Chinese culture, red symbolises prosperity, power and good fortune. These three values are extremely important especially to Chinese businessmen. That’s why red wine is pretty common in business events, gatherings, socials and meetings.

There is also a correlation that exists between gambling revenues in Macau and the price tag of premium French wine. Due to China’s economic slowdown, Macau’s gambling revenues were slightly affected. As a matter of fact, government data confirms waning profits in the months of June, July and August. Until recently, wine trade in Macau started to get active. This is an indication that rich Chinese gambler who love Bordeaux are now flocking the casinos in Macau.

The Future of Wine: Biodynamic and Organic

Some say, the future of wine is biodynamic and organic. Which both sound to me like some new forms of physical exercise. Will my wine be very fit in the future? Will each sip ripple with muscle and low fat? Will my tongue get even more of a work-out from my drinking sessions? Golly gosh I hope not. The world of wine for me is replete with reclining Romans on couches. Symposiums of drinking gents with togas, each with a profound point of view. Shapely women sharing smiles and peals of laughter that ring like Riedel.

The Future of Wine: Biodynamic and Organic

If the future of wine is biodynamic and organic, where will the fat people go? Where will the lushes hang out? What will the extra-large indulgers imbibe if wine becomes a health drink? Doris Day told us that the future is not ours to know. I feel history when I drink wine. That is a very profound statement, if you didn’t already know. Wine from the grape has been with us big-brained monkeys for a very long time. Wine is a sign that we have arrived, that we have reached a state of leisure. To kick-back and drink identifies the practitioner as human.

Predicting the future is not something you want to do sober. Otherwise, aspirations get confused with manifestations, and, looking a gift horse in the mouth is called selectivity. So, fit new wines with healthy environmental credentials will be filling the bottle shop shelves in the very near future. When tasting these wines, you will be encouraged to say, mmm herbaceous, clean finish, pure on the tongue, unpolluted, no chemical after-taste, well wooded but rainforest free, and the saviour of the terroir shows no sign of toxicity.

The future of wine: Biodynamic and organic and built not to last. These wines are, invariably, fresh and young; designed to be drunk in the here and now. Don’t put away these babies for a rainy day, because you will only be disappointed. Spoilage without sulphur. Chemical free means keep me close at hand, and closer to mouth and tongue. Pure fruit flavours undiluted by the tricks of devious winemaking. Naked wines proudly displaying their curvaceous intensity. Don’t leave this young lady on the shelf; deflower now and penetrate with forked tongue.  Lift and stretch, really feel it and hold, the biodynamic bench-press is crushing life’s grapes ever so naturally.

The Sensual Dimensions of Red Wine

Red, red, red wine, I taste your body in my mouth. The silken softness on my tongue, and those crushed berries filled with flavour. I sit with glass in hand and reconnoitre the sensual dimensions of red wine. At the end of my working day I come back to myself with the aid of this taste sensation. I mull over memories, and murmur about aroma. I sip at the blood of my saviour. I anoint my tongue in the fermented juice of soil, oak and fruit. The days become a daze; and I hear the beating of my heart.

The Sensual Dimensions of Red Wine

Good red wine is like no other wine. I cradle that glass bowl in my hand. I ponder on the magic of time and technique. There is passion and process in the making of this elixir. I think about the last deep and moving experience in my life. The last helping of love. I am inclined to remember, reclined to review. Inside I am jam, sweet, and honey too. The gelling with another, lips touching, levity and longing mixed up with one another. Red wine stimulates sensory recollection and love’s echo sounds deep inside my heart.

I tell a lie. It is just a glass half full. The promise of future expectations drain like the last few sips of something slightly bitter. Like the allure of sweet smooth phone sex on your tongue, full of undeliverable delights. Like the whisper of first love, deep in your dreams on a sleepless night. Red wine begins something it cannot finish alone. In the drinking you reach a point of negative returns. A drop-off zone that stains your tongue blackly red. That leaves you with nothing but a dry mouth, no longer a mouth full of the memories of love.

Wine is a processual performer; and you need to know when the party is truly over. The sensual dimensions of red wine delight, deepen and then, determine your short, and sometimes, long term future. Keep a lid on it Sunshine. Quaffing leads to a permanent red nose day. The next morning you sound like a muffled sufferer of the flu. Jeffrey Bernard is unwell. Machiavellian machinations undo the simple pleasure of being alive. Dehydration and a swollen liver ringbark the resurrection. Until next time, that is, of course, when the blood-like brew once more winks at you and the spell is pronounced out loud again. Red, red, red wine.